导读:专升本语法填空做题技巧:未给单词提示型的技巧此类题难度较大,但也是有办法抵挡的 技巧一:固定短语结构。 依据句中横线前后及整句来判别横线前后是否构成一个固定短语,但有时要对横线前或后的几个单词“视若无睹”才干

  此类题难度较大,但也是有办法抵挡的,  技巧一:固定短语结构。  依据句中横线前后及整句来判别横线前后是否构成一个固定短语,但有时要对横线前或后的几个单词“视若无睹”才干射中答案。  例1:The children were playing on the ground,enjoying____,dirty but happy.从句中的happy能够 猜出孩子们是高兴的,所以使用enj0y oneself短语,故其答案为themselves。  例2:His boss was____angry as to fire him.假如“跳过”横线后边的angry,就能够发现这儿用到一个相关短语so…as to…,所以,so是正解。  技巧二:从句引导词。  从句是此题型最为常见的一个方向,首要检测学生对引导词的把握程度。  例1:He did not done_____his father had asked him to do.审题可知,横线所在为宾语从句的引导词,此引导词在从旬中充任宾语,且指物,所以是what。  例2:Those_____want to go to the village must sign here.通过调查能够判别横线所在为定语从句的引导词,进一步调查可知先行词为those,且指人,所以只能填入who,在定语从句中做主语。  技巧三:短语动词结构。  短语动词是以动词为中心的两个或多个词构成的短语,此类短语中往往是动词与介词或副词连用的多些。  例1:The us consists____fifty states.依据常识可知,美国由50个州组成,故横线处与前一词组合,表明“由……组成”,所以答案是of。  例2:Mrs Baker was ill,so her daughter had to ask for leave to take_____of her.患病需要人照料,所以答案是care,与前后词构成take care of。  技巧四:短语介词结构。  短语介词即多个词的组合。起介词效果的短语,如:except for,due to等。  例1:Mr Smith took a plane to London____of taking a train.此题中提到两种交通工具,所以能够了解此句有“坐……而不是坐……”的意思,故答案为instead,以构成介词短语instead of。  例2:Just then,he saw a blackboard in_____of him.仔细调查,能够看出填人fr0nt即可构成in front of,此题得解。  技巧五:连词、相关短语结构。  常用的连词有and,or,but,so,for,while等,常用的相关短语有both…and…,either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also…等。  例1:Little Wang Jun could not go to school,_____his family was too poor.此处表明原因,引导的分句其实是一种解说阐明,不是必定的因果联系,且前面有逗号离隔,所以填for。  例2:____Marrie and Jannie like going to the theatre.横线处的词与后边能够构成both?and,故答案为Both。  技巧六:冠词、介词和常用的副词。  冠词只能是在a,an,the之间判别;常用的介词有in,at,on,before,during等,一般考察固定调配;副词的量仍是比较多,如:however,never,yet,much等。  例1:Jackie likes to drive at____ high speed.这儿考察的是不定冠词的习惯用法,答案为a,构成at a high speed,“以高速”开车。  例2:Old Tom’s granddaughter used to visit him_____Saturday afternoon.Saturday afternoon是指定的某天下午,所以不用介词in,而用on才是正解。  例

  3、:Though Liu Qiang did the same work____Zhang Wen did,he got a lower pay______Zhang Wen.第一条横线可由前面的the same断出用as,第二条横线则可由lower断出比较含义,故答案为than。  例4:It was only one day left,_____,his father had no idea to answehim.调查上下句,能够看出是转机联系,且横线与前后用逗号离隔,排除but,所以答案是however。  技巧七:上下文中呈现的相关词。  这一招是最为灵敏的,但也是最难的。学生能够依据上下文联系和自己堆集的常识,填入某个已呈现的词,或其反义词,或其同类的某个词。  答案的头绪或许在本句,或许呈现在上下相连的一句,还或许呈现在比较远的当地——上下段中与此段方位大体相当的语句。假如该横线呈现在某段的首句,则头绪或许在上下段的首句;假如横线呈现在某段的末句,则头绪或许在上下段的末句,以此类推。  例:Tony____travelling abroad,but dislikes staying home watching TV.由第二句话中的dislikes能够判别,此横线处应该是填其反义词likes。



  时刻介系词at, on, in(在): at表明时刻的某一点;on表明某日或和某日连用的某一时刻段;in用于表明除日以外的某一时刻段,    一.

  (1) at表明一天中的某时刻,不必冠词,如:    at six o”clock(在六点钟), at dawn(在拂晓), at sunrise(日出时), at noon(在正午)。

  I arrived at school at seven.    我到学校时是七点。

  (2) at表明一会儿或时刻短的时刻,如:    at that moment(在那一会儿),    at present(现在),at that time(那时)。

  Your memory is always poor at this time.    你的记忆力到这时候总是欠好。

  3、 at表明节日或年纪,如:    at Christmas(在圣诞节,指整个节日), at the age of ten(在十岁时)。

  How could you be so forgetful at the age of ten?    你才十岁怎样就这么健忘?    二.on表明某日或和某日连用的某一时刻段,如:    on Monday(在星期一), on Friday afternoon(在星期五下午), on the morning of August the eighth(在八月八日早晨), on Christmas Day(在圣诞节,指在当天)。

  You were late on Monday last week.    你上星期一就晚了。

  You mean I was late on May the fifteenth?    你是说我五月十五日晚了?    三.in表明年、月、时节、世纪、年代,与定冠词连用表明一天中某个时刻段,如:    in 1996(在1996年), in May(在五月), in spring(在春季), in the 20th century(在二十世纪), in the eighties(在八十年代), in modern times(在现代), in the night(在晚上)。

  Sorry, I am late, the first time in May.    对不住,我晚了,五月份第一次晚。

  I got up at six in the morning.    我早上六点钟起床。




  一、动词  动词时态及语态考点(我们应该记住九种时态,特别是其间的曩昔完成,曩昔进行时,客观真理要用一般现在时等)

  1、The teacher told us that this school was built in 199


  2、By the time the bus got there,the play had already begun.(曩昔完成时)

  3、My teacher said :”The sun rises from the east, and down at the west.”(客观真理)

  4、When Li Ming went home at noon, his dog was sleeping.(曩昔进行时)

  二、动词及动词词组区别题  考试常考的有rose;spend, cost ,take pay ,afford; wound, injure ,hurt, damage; find out ,discover, invent; hit ,strike, ring ,beat; tell ,say, speak, talk; join, join in take, part in等动词短语。

  1、Can you tell the difference between these two words

  2、He joined the army three years ago.

  三、着重句型  要记住的是it is (was)…that…,假如前面是it is /was 后边往往选用that,当然着重人的时分也可用who

  1、It was at a park that I first saw her.

  2、It is what you want to do that is very important.

  3、It is Lily who he likes best.


  1、Here comes the bus.(彻底倒装)  悉数倒装句(不作为考试要点,考得多的都是部分倒装)  部分倒装句(语句中存在两个谓语,挑选一个进行倒装)

  1、Lily learns English well,so does Li Ming.

  2、Not only does he study well, but also he is friendly with others.



参考资料来源1: 知乎

参考资料来源2: http://www.i688.com.cn/news/show-518196.html


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