专升本英语语法解析:否定转移的形式与用法详解

专升本英语语法解析:否定转移的形式与用法详解

导读:专升本英语语法解析:否定转移的形式与用法详解一、动词的否定搬运1. 形式上否定主句的谓语,实际上是否定从句的谓语当动词think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect, feel的主语是第一人称、谓语动词为没有任何副词润饰的一般现在时,它们

  一、动词的否定搬运

  1. 形式上否定主句的谓语,实际上是否定从句的谓语当动词think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect, feel的主语是第一人称、谓语动词为没有任何副词润饰的一般现在时,它们的否定式实际上是对宾语从句的否定,表明说话者提出一种含蓄的观点或建议。如:I think that he will help us. —I don”t think that he will help us. 我以为它不会协助咱们。I believe that he is right. —I don”t believe that he is right. 我以为他不对。I suppose that he likes it. —I don”t suppose that he likes it. 我想他不喜欢它。

  2. 形式上否定谓语动词,实际上否定复合宾语当动词think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect, feel, find的主语是第一人称、谓语动词为没有任何副词润饰的一般现在时,它们前面的否定式实际上是对复合宾语的否定。表明说话者所提出的一种含蓄的观点或建议。如:I think math difficult. — I don”t think math difficult. 我以为数学不难。I find the story interesting. — I don”t find the story interesting. 我以为这个故事没风趣。I expect so. —I don”t expect so. 我以为不会。留意:动词think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect, feel在下列情况下,否定不搬运:

  (1) 这些动词跟其他另一个动词一同做并排谓语时,否定不搬运。如:I believe and hope he won”t do that. 我信任而且也期望他将不会那样做。I feel and admit that we are not foolish. 我觉得而且也供认咱们并不愚笨。

  (2) 用于疑问句时,否定不搬运。如:Do you think it is not going to rain? 你以为天不会下雨吗?Don”t you believe that he has done a good thing? 莫非你不信任他做了一件功德?

  3、 用作插入语时,否定不搬运。如:Li Lei, I think, won”t be angry with you. 我想李蕾不会生你的气。Tom, I suppose, won”t be against it. 我猜测汤姆不会对立。Mike, I believe, hasn”t seen the film. 我以为迈克没有看这场电影。

  (4) 动词前有其他副词润饰时,否定不搬运。如:I really don”t think it”s necessary for us to go there now. 我确实不以为咱们有必要去那儿。I feel strongly that he shouldn”t do such a thing. 我激烈地以为他不该该做那样的事。

  (5) 动词为非一般现在时或主语不是第一人称时,否定不搬运。I thought that he wouldn”t come back soon. 我原以为他不会回来得这么快。She didn”t believe that he became a good boy. 她不信任它变成了一个好孩子。He thinks that he isn”t fit for the job. 他以为他不适合这件作业。He doesn”t believe that what we told him is true. 他不信任咱们告知他的事是真的。

  (6) 当宾语从句中含的否定为not…at all, not a little, not a few, not enough, can”t help等固定调配时,否定不搬运。如:I think that he doesn”t know it at all. 我想他对那一点也不知道。I suppose that it is not enough to remember the words if you want to learn the language well. 我以为假如你想把这门言语学好,那么只记单词是不够的。I believe that you can”t help singing our national anthem when you win the first place in the Olympic Games. 我信任当你在奥运会上取得第一名时你会情不自禁地唱起国歌来。

  (7) 当宾语从句中含no, nothing, nobody, nowhere, hardly, seldom, little, few等否定词或半否词时,否定不搬运。如:I believe that nothing can make me give it up. 我想任何事情也不能使我抛弃。I think that no one can escape if the ship sinks in the sea. 我以为假如这艘船沉入海底的话,那么谁也逃不掉。I suppose that he is a man of few words. 我猜测他是一个言语不多的人。

  二、语句的否定搬运有些语句形式上否定谓语动词,实际上是对语句后边状语进行否定。如:Let”s not talk about it here. 咱们别在这儿谈吧。Don”t read in the sun. 不要在阳光下看书。Don”t talk with your mouth full of food. 不要口里含着食物说话。

专升本英语语法解析:否定转移的形式与用法详解

专升本英语语法解析:怎么运用“强调句型”呢?

  今日小编给我们共享的是专升本英语语法解析——着重句型,我们要认真学习哦,      着重句的根本句型是it is/was+被着重的内容+that/who从句      例:John gave Mary a handbag at christmas依据上下文和语境,说话人能够经过着重句型别离着重主语、宾语、状语,使之成为信息中心。如上句能够转化为:      

  1.It was john that/who gave Mary a handbag at christmas.(着重主语john)      

  2.It was Mary that john gave a handbag (to) at christmas(着重直接宾语mary)      

  3、It was a handbag that john gave mary at christmas.(着重直接宾语 a handbag)      

  4.It was at christmas that john gave mary a handbag.(着重状语at christmas)      

  1、被着重的是状语或状语从句时,要用that引导句子,而不能用which,并且一般不能省掉。

  例:It is on the satellites of the mars that scientists have found water.科学家是在火星上发现了水      

  2、被着重的是人时,引导词能够用who,也能够用that.      例:It was you that/who let out the secret to her      是你把这个隐秘走漏给她的。

  留意:当被着重的是主语时,代词要用主格方式。

  3、被着重的不管是奇数还是复数名词时,主语的be动词都用奇数is或was.      对not…until 时刻状语从句进行着重时,其句型是:“It is/was not until …that从句,即not和until在着重句型中不能分隔。

专升本英语语法解析:怎么运用“强调句型”呢?

专升本英语语法解析之it句型

  高架桥下的天空,一只鸟儿飞过,我信任在这零下几度的气候里,它不是刚刚起飞,它飞的时刻也不只是我看到的这么短,咱们神往像鸟儿相同飞的无拘无束,但却往往疏忽了它飞的有多久,飞的有多累。成功时的光鲜亮丽必然来自于不为人知的艰难困苦。坚持下去,你便是赢家!     今日小编给各位同学收拾的是公英语法中it的相关常识,之前更新的语法内容记住常常翻翻哦!     It作指示代词,代指无生命的东西,动物,婴儿,未确定身份的人,含糊概念,气候,时刻,间隔,上下文说到的内容等。     【例句】Jim is ill,have you heard of it?    吉姆生病了,你知道这件事吗?     It作方式主语,指代不定式,doing或从句做真实的主语     根本句型:     It +be动词+adj/n+(for sb of sb)+to do sth或it+be动词+adj/n+that从句     【例句】It is easy for him to speak English     It作方式宾语,指代不定式,doing或从句     根本句型:     主语+谓语+it+adj/n+to do sth或主语+谓语+it+adj/n+that从句     常用于这一句型的谓语动词有:find,consider,feel,make,think等     【例句】I feel it our duty to protect environment     It 表明时刻的常用句型     It is/has been+一段时刻+since…” 自从…已有多久”,since后的从句用一般曩昔时     【例句】It has been two weeks since he left    他现已离开了两个星期了     It was+一段时刻+before…”在…之前过了多长时刻” ,before 后的从句用曩昔完结时     【例句】It was three years before he had finished his research    在他完结他的研讨之前现已曩昔三年了     It will be+一段时刻+before…”过了多久才…”,before后的从句用一般现在时     【例句】It will be two days before she arrives at Britain     两天后她才会抵达英国

专升本英语语法解析之it句型

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参考资料来源1: 知乎

参考资料来源2: http://www.xinfd.com.cn/20210824/04641932.html

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