专升本英语用in case表目的

专升本英语用in case表目的

导读:2021年普通专升本英语语法:用in case表目的用in case表意图in case用于引导意图状语从句时,意思是“以防”“避免” 如:He took his umbrella in case it should rain. 他带上了雨伞,以防下雨。You’d better take the keys in c

  用in case表意图    in case用于引导意图状语从句时,意思是“以防”“避免”,如:    He took his umbrella in case it should rain. 他带上了雨伞,以防下雨。

  You’d better take the keys in case I’m out. 你最好带上钥匙,以防我不在家。

  Listen out for the baby in case she wakes up. 留意听宝宝的动态,她醒来好知道。

  in case 引导的意图状语从句有时也可坐落主句之前。如:    In case anyone was following me, I made an elaborate detour. 为了避免有人盯梢我,我特别绕了弯路。

  注:也有人以为这样用的in case 从句为原因状语从句,意思是“由于怕……”。比较:    I had a snack, just in case there was no time to eat later. 我吃了些点心,以防过会儿没有时刻吃饭。(将in case译成“以防”,将之视为意图状语从句)    I had a snack, just in case there was no time to eat later. 我吃了些点心,由于怕过会儿没有时刻吃饭。(将in case译成“由于怕”,将之视为原因状语从句)    Here”s a contact number, in case there should be a problem. 这是联系电话,以防有问题呈现。(将in case译成“以防”,将之视为意图状语从句)    Here”s a contact number, in case there should be a problem. 这是联系电话,由于怕有问题呈现。 (将in case译成“由于怕”,将之视为原因状语从句)

专升本英语用in case表目的

专升本英语用in order that表目的

  用in order that表意图    in order to和in order that均可表明意图,两者的区别是,前者引出不定式,后者用以引导意图状语从句,与用in order to do sth表明意图的景象类似,in order that引导的意图状语从句能够坐落主句之前或之后。如:    We arrived early in order that we could get good seats. 咱们到得早,以便找到好座位。

  These men risk their lives in order that we may live more safely. 这些人甘冒生命危险,为的是让咱们生活更安全。

  I bought a new car in order that my wife might learn to drive. 我买了一辆新车,以便我妻子学习驾驭。

  In order that you may create such a picture, you have to possess certain artistic weapons. 创造这样的画,你得具有某些艺术手法。

  用for fear (that) 表意图    for fear that 用于引导意图状语从句时,与 in case 大致同义,意思是“以防”“避免”。如:    He’s working hard for fear (that) he should fail. 他在尽力工作只怕他会失利。

  She finally ran away for fear that he would kill her. 她最终逃走了,由于怕被他杀了。

  Scientists reject a total ban for fear it will undermine efforts to stop the spread of malaria. 科学家们对立全面禁止,避免削弱为避免疟疾扩散所作的尽力。

  注:与in case相同,for fear that 引导的从句有时也被理解为原因状语从句,并将其翻译为“由于怕……”。比较:    Shut the window for fear that it may rain. 把窗子关上以防下雨。(将for fear that 译成“以防”,将之视为意图状语从句)    Shut the window for fear that it may rain. 把窗子关上,由于怕下雨。(将for fear that 译成“由于怕”,将之视为原因状语从句)

专升本英语用in order that表目的

专升本英语用in order to do sth表目的

  用in order to do sth表意图    in order to do sth也是to do sth的变体,用in order to do sth表示意图时,它既可以用于句末,也可用于句首,但比较而言,用于句首时,其着重意味较浓。如:    She lied about her age in order to get the job. 她为了谋得那份作业隐瞒了年纪。

  She arrived early in order to get a good seat. 她到得很早,图的是得个好座位。

  Teamwork is required in order to achieve these aims. 完结这些方针需求团队协作。

  In order to get the job you must be able to drive. 要做这项作业你得会开车。

  In order to get into a good school, I must study even harder. 为了考入一个好的校园,我有必要愈加刻苦。

  in order to do sth的否定式是in order not to do sth,意思是“为了不……”“避免”。如:    She slept in a separate room in order not to disturb him. 她在另一房间睡觉,为了不至打扰他。

  Please reply at once in order not to lose this opportunity of a lower price. 请当即回复,避免失掉这次贱价的时机。

  They must have worn gloves in order not to leave any fingerprints. 他们必定戴上了手套,以防留下指纹。

  留意,in order to do sth 还有别的一个否定方式,那就是 not in order to do sth,其意为“不是为了……”。如:    Big farmers are moving in, not in order to farm, but in order to speculate with rising land prices. 大农场主正在不断涌进来,不是为了耕耘,而是要使用不断上涨的地价进行投机。

  This expression refers to encounters between ships of hostile nations. One ship might fire a     shot at another, not in order to hit it, but to warn it to move. 这个表达源于仇视国船只在海上相遇时,一方或许向另一方鸣炮,不是为了击中方针,而是正告其快速离开。

专升本英语用in order to do sth表目的

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参考资料来源1: 知乎

参考资料来源2: http://www.volten.cn/news/show-373363.html

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