专升本英语限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句

专升本英语限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句

导读:2021年普通专升本英语语法:限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句定语从句可分为限制性和非限制性两种:1.限制性定语从句(Restrictive attributive clauses):限制性定语从句,使所润饰的词表明一个特定的人或东西,假如去掉它,那个词就失掉含义,语句

  定语从句可分为限制性和非限制性两种:1.限制性定语从句(Restrictive attributive clauses):限制性定语从句,使所润饰的词表明一个特定的人或东西,假如去掉它,那个词就失掉含义,语句就不能建立或不完整:Any one who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted.谁要是在林中乱扔废物将遭到指控,这句话如把who引起的定语从句去掉,语句就不能建立。上节比如中的定语从句大部分都是限制性定语从句。只要在这种定语从句中,联系代词才有或许省掉。2.非限制性定语从句(Non—Restrictive Attributive Clauses):有些定语从句只对某个词作进一步的阐明,例如:She was married to Tony, who was also a student.这儿who引起的便是一个非限定性定语从句,拿掉之后语句还能建立。在一般情况下,非限制性定语从句都由一个逗号把它和句予的其它部分分隔,在译成汉语时多译成一个并列句。下面例句中部包括有非限制性定语从句:The note was left by Jim,who was here a moment ago.这个便条是吉姆留的,他刚才来过。She introduced me to her husband,whom I hadn’t met before.她把我介绍给她老公,这人我以前没见过。This is George,whose class you will be taking.这是乔治,你将接他的班。I have many friends,some of whom were painters.我有许多朋友,其间有些是画家。She was very fond of speaking French,which indeed she spoke well.她很喜爱讲法语,并且讲得的确很好。非限制性定语从句中的联系代词或联系副词是不能省掉的,也不能运用联系代词that引导。指物时which用得比较多,有时还可代表更广泛的意思,指人时用who(whom)。

专升本英语限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句

专升本英语限制性与非限制性定语从句四大区别

  限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句有四大差异,现作扼要介绍

  一、在句中效果不同限制性定语从句对被润饰的先行词有限制限制效果,使该词的含义更详细,更清晰。限制性定语从句不能被省掉,不然句意就不完好。非限制性定语从句与先行词联系不十分亲近,仅仅对其作一些附加阐明,不起限制限制效果。假如将非限制性定语从句省去,主句的含义依然完好。 

  二、外在表现形式不同限制性定语从句因与先行词联系亲近,所以不行以用逗号将其与主句离隔;而非限制性定语从句与先行词联系不十分亲近,所以可用逗号将其与主句离隔。例 1. Do you remember the girl who taught us English?你还记得教咱们英语的那个女孩吗?例 2. Clock is a kind of instrument which can tell people time.钟是一种能够告知人们时刻的仪器。例

  3、 This is the place where he used to live.这便是他曩昔寓居的当地。例 4. Mr. Zhang, who came to see me yesterday, is an old friend of mine.张先生昨日来看我,他是我的一位朋友。例 5. We walked down the village street, where they were having market day.咱们沿着村里的大街向前走去,乡民们正在那里赶集。析:在前三个例句中,定语从句与先行词联系亲近,为限制性定语从句,不行用逗号将其与主句离隔。在后两个例句中,定语从句与先行词联系不亲近,为非限制性定语从句,可用逗号将其与主句离隔。 

  三、先行词内容有所不同大多数限制性和非限制性定语从句的先行词往往为某一个词或短语,而特别状况下非限制性定语从句的先行词也可为整个主句,此刻非限制性定语从句常由 which 引导。例 1. A middle-aged woman killed her husband, which frightened me very much.一个中年女子杀害了自己的老公,这令我十分惊骇。析:由语境可知,令“我”惊骇的内容应为“中年女子杀害了自己的老公”这整个一件事,因而先行词为整个主句,此刻应由 which 引导定语从句。例 2. A five-year-old boy can speak two foreign languages, which surprises all the people present.一个五岁男孩会讲两门外语,这令一切在场的人感到十分惊奇。析:由语境可知,令一切在场的人感到惊奇的内容是“一个五岁男孩会讲两门外语”这整个一件事,因而先行词为整个主句,此刻应由 which 引导非限制性定语从句。

  四、联系词的运用状况有所不同(一) that 不行用于引导非限制性定语从句一切联系代词和联系副词均可引导限制性定语从句,大多数联系代词和联系副词可引导非限制性定语从句,但 that 不行。例 1. 他送给他母亲一台彩电作为生日礼物,这使她十分高兴。误: He gave his mother a color TV set for her birthday, that pleased her a lot.正: He gave his mother a color TV set for her birthday, which pleased her a lot.例 2. 他没经过这次考试,令我很失望。误: He didn”t pass the exam, that disappointed me.正: He didn”t pass the exam, which disappointed me.值得注意的是,不少同学误认为只要 which 才干引导非限制性定语从句,这个观念是不正确的。运用非限制性定语从句时,假如先行词指人,则用 who , which 或 whose 引导非限制性定语从句;先行词指物可用 which 引导非限制性定语从句;先行词表时刻或地址且在从句中作时刻状语或地址状语时,可用 when , where 引导非限制性定语从句。例 1. We”ll graduate in July, when we will be free.咱们将于七月份结业,到那时咱们就自在了。例 2. Last Sunday they reached Nanjing, where a conference was to be held.他们上周日抵达南京,有个会议要在那里举办。(二)联系代词替代状况不同联系代词 whom 在限制性定语从句中作宾语时可用 who 替代 whom ,但 whom 在非限制性定语从句中作宾语时不行用 who 来替代。例 1. This is the girl whom I met in the street.这是我在街上遇到的那个女孩。析:先行词 the girl 在限制性定语从句中作宾语,可用 who 替代 whom .例 2. A young man had a new girl friend, whom he wanted to impress.一个年青的小伙子新交了一个女朋友,他想给她留下深刻的形象。析:先行词 a new girl friend 在非限制性定语从句中作宾语,不行用 who 替代 whom .在限制性定语从句中,先行词指人时可用 that 替代 who/ whom ,但在非限制性定语从句中先行词指人时,不行用 that 替代 who/whom .限制性与非限制性定语从句四差异2007-08-17 09:02:28来源:转载检查:

  3、8199 例:她有一个姐姐,她是教师。误: She has a sister, that is a teacher.正: She has a sister, who is teacher.(三)联系代词省掉状况不同联系代词在限制性定语从句中作宾语时能够省去,非限制性定语从句的一切联系词均不行省。例 1. This is the book (which/that) he lost yesterday.这便是他昨日丢的那本书。析:先行词 the book 在限制性定语从句中作宾语,联系代词 which 或 that 能够省掉。例 2. The book, which he lost yesterday, has been found.他昨日丢了这本书,但现在已找到了。析:先行词 the book 在非限制性定语从句中作宾语,联系代词 which 不行省。 [实战演练]1. She heard a terrible noise, _________ brought her heart into her mouth.A. it B. which C. this D. that2. Have you ever been to Xi”an, _________ I left ten years ago.A. which B. whose C. that D. /

  3、 The weather turned out to be very good, _________ was more than we could expect.A. what B. which C. that D. it4. His English, ________ used to be very poor is now excellent.A. which B. that C. it D . whom5. Some of the roads were flooded, __________ makes our journey more difficult.A. that B. it C. which D. who6. I”ll find a nice girl, _________ I want to marry.A. who B. whom C. that D. which7. I”ll come at ten, ________ I”ll be free.A. which B. that C. when D. what8. She has two brothers, _________ are teachers.A. who B. that C. whom D. /9. Which answer is NOT true?This is the factory ________ I visited yesterday.A. that B. which C. / D. where10. I still remember the days _________ I spent in Beijing.A. when B. what C. that D. duringKey:1. B 2. A

  3、 B 4. A 5. C6. B 7. C 8. A 9. D 10. C

专升本英语限制性与非限制性定语从句四大区别

专升本英语限制性与非限制性定语从句四区别

  一、在句中效果不同    限制性定语从句对被修饰的先行词有限制限制效果,使该词的含义更详细,更清晰,限制性定语从句不能被省掉,不然句意就不完好。

  非限制性定语从句与先行词联系不十分亲近,仅仅对其作一些附加阐明,不起限制限制效果。假如将非限制性定语从句省去,主句的含义依然完好。

  二、外在表现形式不同    限制性定语从句因与先行词联系亲近,所以不行以用逗号将其与主句离隔;而非限制性定语从句与先行词联系不十分亲近,所以可用逗号将其与主句离隔。

  三、先行词内容有所不同    大多数限制性和非限制性定语从句的先行词往往为某一个词或短语,而特别情况下非限制性定语从句的先行词也可为整个主句,此刻非限制性定语从句常由 which 引导。

  例 1. A middle-aged woman killed her husband, which frightened me very much.    一个中年女子杀害了自己的老公,这令我十分惊骇。

  析:由语境可知,令“我”惊骇的内容应为“中年女子杀害了自己的老公”这整个一件事,因而先行词为整个主句,此刻应由 which 引导定语从句。

  例 2. A five-year-old boy can speak two foreign languages, which surprises all the people present.    一个五岁男孩会讲两门外语,这令一切在场的人感到十分惊奇。

  析:由语境可知,令一切在场的人感到惊奇的内容是“一个五岁男孩会讲两门外语”这整个一件事,因而先行词为整个主句,此刻应由 which 引导非限制性定语从句。

  四、联系词的使用情况有所不同    (一) that 不行用于引导非限制性定语从句    一切联系代词和联系副词均可引导限制性定语从句,大多数联系代词和联系副词可引导非限制性定语从句,但 that 不行。

  例 1. 他送给他母亲一台彩电作为生日礼物,这使她十分高兴。

  误: He gave his mother a color TV set for her birthday, that pleased her a lot.    正: He gave his mother a color TV set for her birthday, which pleased her a lot.

专升本英语限制性与非限制性定语从句四区别

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参考资料来源1: 知乎

参考资料来源2: http://www.sydim.cn/20210824/19837110.html

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