专升本英语名词性wh-从句

专升本英语名词性wh-从句

导读:2021年普通专升本英语语法:名词性wh-从句1)由wh-词引导的名词从句叫做名词性wh-从句 Wh-词包含who, whom,. whose, whoever, what, whatever, which, whichever等衔接代词和where, when, how, why等衔接副词。Wh-从句的语法功用除了和that-从句相同外,

  1)由wh-词引导的名词从句叫做名词性wh-从句,Wh-词包含who, whom,. whose, whoever, what, whatever, which, whichever等衔接代词和where, when, how, why等衔接副词。Wh-从句的语法功用除了和that-从句相同外,还可充任介词宾语、宾语补语和间接宾语等,例如:主语: How the book will sell depends on its author. 书出售怎么取决于作者自己。直接宾语:In one”s own home one can do what one likes. 在自己家里能够随心所欲。间接宾语:The club will give whoever wins a prize. 沙龙将给得胜者设奖。表语: My question is who will take over president of the Foundation. 我的问题是谁将接任该基金会主席职位。宾语补足语:She will name him whatever she wants to. 她快乐给他起什么名字就取什么名字。同位语:  I have no idea when he will return. 我不知道他什么时候回来。形容词宾语:I”m not sure why she refused their invitation.  我尚不能必定她为什么回绝他们的约请。介词宾语: That depends on where we shall go. 那取决于咱们去哪儿。2)Wh-从句作主语也常用先行词it做方式主语,而将wh-从句置于句末,例如:It is not yet decided who will do that job. 还没决议谁做这项作业。It remains unknown when they are going to get married.  他们何时成婚仍然不明。

专升本英语名词性wh-从句

专升本英语名词用法必知

  1、land; ground; soil; earth    land表明“陆地、土地、地”,是河流和海洋的相对用语,用于指土地或土壤时,侧重指它的性质、用处等。有时泛指大地,也可作“国家、地产”讲。

  The rocky soil has been turned into rich land.岩石地已变成了膏壤。

  But some people don”t want good farm land to be built on. 可是有些人不愿意把好的农田用来建筑厂房。

  To the sea captain”s surprise, he found that land travel could also be quite pleasant. 使那位船长吃惊的是,他发现陆地游览也很愉快。

  2、cost; price; value; worth; expense    cost表明“本钱、费用”的意思。 原指出产某种物品的本钱 ,包括出产中所支付的质料和劳作。一般要低于价格,有时也可用来泛指价格。也可用于借喻,指所支付的价值,乃至生命。

  As a result, costs will be reduced by as much as 90%. 因此,本钱将会下降90% 之多。

  price表明“价格、价钱、定价”的意思。 指运营产品出售的单价,一般要高于产品的出厂本钱。也用于借喻,指做某事所支付的价值。

  Can you try to get them to bring down the price? 你能把价格讲下来吗?    value表明“价值、价格”。指咱们所估量一件东西的价值,因此是不能 以金钱估价的。

  The park is good value for the money.公园花这么多钱值得。

  worth意思是价值。指东西自身的真实价值,是经久不变的,是可贵的。

  It was worth five hundred francs at the most.它最多值500法郎。

  expense意思是“费用、开支、开支”,指花费金钱、时刻和精力。

  We travelled to France at our own expense. 咱们自费去法国游览了。

  3、manner; means; method; way    manner表明“办法、办法”的意思。指个人喜爱选用的办法。

  He has developed his own manner of acting. 他形成了自己共同的表演风格。

  means表明“办法、手段 、东西、产业、资力”的意思。

  The quickest means of travel is by plane.最快的游览东西是飞机。

  method指做某事的具体步骤或程序,也指体系的、抽象概念的原理。

  His idea is all right, but he lacks method.他的主意不错,可是短少办法。

  way是最通用的词,也是最不正式的词,转义是“通道、通路”,引申作“办法、办法”讲,意义很广。

  In this way over several days, the artist and his mice became friends.就这样过了几天,这位艺术家和他的老鼠成了好朋友。

  4、force; energy; strength; power    force表明“力、力气”的意思。指为做或完结某事而实践运用的力气。

  He overcame his bad habits by force of will.毅力使他克服了自己身上的不良习惯。

  energy主要侧重“精力”,指用来做某事或完结某事的才能。还可以指“动力”。

  Young people usually have more energy than the old. 青年人一般此老年人精力充沛。

  strength表明“力”的意思。指做事情的–种内涵才能。就人而育,侧重指力气;就物而言,侧重指强度潜力等。

  He lifted the stone with all his strength.他使出全身力气举起了那块石头。

  power 表明 “才能、能量、动力”的意思。指身体上、心理上和道德上的才能(不论是否发挥出)。

  Knowledge is power.常识便是力 量。

专升本英语名词用法必知

专升本英语命题习惯:直接引用词典原句进行命题

  直接引证词典原句进行出题      近年来,专升本英语出题一向有个习气,就是喜爱从一些原版英语词典上直接引证例句进行出题,这点期望引起同学们的留意。下面请看几个比如:    

  1. My neighbor asked me to go for ______ walk, but I don’t think I’ve got ______ energy. (2008辽宁卷)     A. a; 不填        B. the; the        C. 不填; the     D. a; the      【剖析】D。go for a walk为固定表达,意为“去漫步”;have got the energy意为“有精力”。此题出自Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary的the词条,词典上的原句为:I’d like to go out this evening, but I don’t think I’ve got the energy.     

  2. —I’d like some more cheese.  —Sorry, there’s ______ left. (2008浙江卷)     A. some  B. none       C. a little     D. few      【剖析】B。由于cheese不可数,故可排除D;再依据句中的sorry可知,此处应填表否定含义的none。注:此题出自Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary的none词条,词典上的原句为:“I’d like some more cheese.” “I’m sorry there’s none left.”     

  3、 He found it increasingly difficult to read, ______ his eyesight was beginning to fail. (2008山东卷)     A. though       B. for      C. but   D. so      【剖析】B。for在此表原因。又如:He shook his head, for he thought differently. 他摇了摇头,由于他有不同主意。 注:此题出自Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English的for词条,词典上的原句为:He found it increasingly difficult to read, for his eyesight was beginning to fail.

专升本英语命题习惯:直接引用词典原句进行命题

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参考资料来源1: 知乎

参考资料来源2: http://www.vmhhno.cn/20210824/36500915.html

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