专升本考试英语语法归纳之人称代词

专升本考试英语语法归纳之人称代词

导读:2021年广东普通专升本:英语语法归纳之人称代词人称代词是指直接指代人或许事物的代词 第一人称(我;咱们),第二人称(你;你们),第三人称(他、她、它;他们、她们、它们)。依据人称代词在句中所充任的成分可以分为主

  人称代词是指直接指代人或许事物的代词,  第一人称(我;咱们),第二人称(你;你们),第三人称(他、她、它;他们、她们、它们)。依据人称代词在句中所充任的成分可以分为主格人称代词、宾格人称代词。别的,人称代词有单复数之分,特别是第二人称单复数写法都是一致的,实践翻译时应当留意。  大多数代词具有名词和形容词的功用。英语中的代词,按其含义、特征及在句中的效果分为:人称代词、物主代词、指示代词、反身代词、彼此代词、疑问代词、联系代词、衔接代词和不定代词九种。人称代词

  一、主格人称代词有I, we, you, he, she, they, it,主格人称代词就是在句中充任主语和表语的代词

  二、宾格人称代词有me, us, you, him, her, them, it,宾格人称代词即在句中充任宾语(含介词宾语)的代词

  三、同步练习  1) Archibald Motley’s artistic talent [A] was apparent [B] by the time him [C] enrolled [D] in high school.  2) Legends often contain an element [A] of fact, but [B] sometimes it is [C] totally [D] untrue.

  3、) Unlike [A] road vehicles, Hovercrafts have no physical [B] contact with the surface over which [C] them [D] travel.  4) Let you and I [A] promise that we shall always [B] dare to do [C] what is [D] right.  5) Most of we [A] know that conductors direct their orchestras with a baton, but how many [B] are aware that [C] they also direct with their faces, hands [D] , and shoulders?

  四、例题解析  1) C错。him是宾格,而此处却需求作主语的人称代词,故应将him改为主格he.  2) C错。 改为they are.C处替代的是“Legends”而不是“an element”。

  3、) D错。them也是宾格,应改用主格they,作定语从句中的主语,谓语为travel.  4) A错。 改为me.  5) A错。改为宾格us,由于前面是介词of,us作其宾语,故用宾格。

专升本考试英语语法归纳之人称代词

专升本考试英语语法归纳总结之as的用法

  as在状语从句中能够表明时刻、原因、退让;    as的根本使用状况:    

  1、as作介词,表明作为,一般状况下后边只能接一个名词;1.She works as a doctor. 2.As a League member, I”ll take the lead in everything.作为一名团员,事事我都要以身作则,   

  2、as作联系代词,as引导这样的从句一般最好是放在语句的最初; The moon travels round the earth once every month which is known to everybody. As is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. It is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month.     As we have seen,the focus of medical care in our society has been shifting from curing disease to preventing disease – especially in terms of changing our many unhealthy behaviors, such as poor eating habits,smoking and failure to exercise.    

  3、as 充任连词来构成状语从句;   

  1、时刻状语从句(当…..的时分),As the summer comes, the day becomes shorter and shorter    ②原因状语从句(表明显而易见的原因),和since 在用法上保持一致。As she was not feeling well, we all sold her to stay at home. 因为她感觉到不舒服,咱们都叫他留在家里   

  3、退让状语从句,although 引导的语句能够转换成as 的用法。1.Although she may fail.(Fail as she may.)        2.Although the graph is simple.(Simple as the graph is.)

  3、Although he is rich, he doesn”t have any friends.(Rich as he is, he doesn”t have any friends.)     ④方法状语从句(就像….相同;正如….相同);Do as the instruction says.依照阐明书上的要求去做。He came as we expected. 他就像咱们所等待的那样来了。

  ⑤比较状语从句:I”m as tall as you.     as短语和语句:    as long as只需;such as例如;as soon as 一….就……; so as to 为了;as if 如同;as though 如同; just as 正如;    You can go where you like as long as you get back before dark你能够去你任何想去的当地,只需你在天亮之前回来。

  He talks as if he knew all about it.他谈起这件事来就如同什么都知道似的。(as if 引导方法状语从句,从句中常用虚拟语气)     It is just as I told you.状况正如我跟你说的相同。(just as引导表语从句)。

  So it looks as though cheap money stopped markets taking all the medicine they needed因而,看起来如同是廉价资金阻挠了商场服下它们所需的全部药品。

  The information they swap should remain confidential, so as to protect sources and (legitimate) methods他们交流的信息需求保密,来维护来历和(合理的)手法。

  Start clean-up as soon as possible, especially if flooding has occurred尽快展开卫生整理作业,特别是发生过洪水的时分。

  A busy day-long living, as soon as lay down is resting忙了一天的活,一躺下就睡着了。

专升本考试英语语法归纳总结之as的用法

专升本考试英语语法归纳总结之从句的复习

  复合句:定语从句、名词性从句、状语从句,   

  一、定语从句:     1.that,which,who的运用。一个语句傍边有两个相同的名词,将其间的一个名词进行替换,假如是人,用who;假如是物,用which;that既能够指人又能够指物。     2.谓语动词(结构)和后边的介词有两种联系:联系严密和联系疏远;定语从句中假如谓语结构和介词联系严密,则介词有必要保存在谓语结构的后边,不能做任何方位的改动;假如谓语结构和介词联系疏远,介词一般说到which/who/that的前面; 介词加which正好表明时刻,能够表达到when;表明地址时,能够表达到where;表明原因时,变成why;    

  3、限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句。

  (1)限定性定语从句:定语从句和联系词联系十分严密,删掉定语从句后,整个语句意思会改动;非限定性定语从句:定语从句和联系词联系不是很严密,删掉定语从句后,整个语句意思不会改动,定语从句只起到弥补说明的意义;    

  (2)非限定性定语从句:He won the first place in the competition, which is out of our expectation.(As is out of our expectation, he won the first place in the competition)    

  二、名词性从句:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句及同谓语从句;方法:名词+从句;衔接词取决于后边的从句是什么样的方法;假如是陈述句,直接加that引导;一般疑问句:先把一般疑问句变成陈述句语序,然后在其前加上weather或许if;特别疑问句:直接保存特别疑问词,后边的语句变成陈述句语序;界说:在语句中起名词效果的语句,且在语句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同谓语、介词宾语等成分;Yuminhong, the president of New Oriental School.    

  三、状语从句:两个独立的语句中心用一些意义不同的衔接词衔接;状语从句用来表达两个语句之间的逻辑联系;分红原因状语、条件状语、结果状语、时刻状语、地址状语、退让状语、意图状语、比较状语、方法状语等九大类型。

专升本考试英语语法归纳总结之从句的复习

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参考资料来源1:搜狐

参考资料来源2:http://www.fxkrh.cn/20210911/91175799.html

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