导读:2021年普通专升本:大学英语语法之地点状语从句 1、地址状语从句常用引导词:where特别引导词:wherever, anywhere, everywhereGenerally, air will be heavily polluted where there are factories.一般来说,有工厂的当地空气污染就严

  1、地址状语从句    常用引导词:where    特别引导词:wherever, anywhere, everywhere    Generally, air will be heavily polluted where there are factories.    一般来说,有工厂的当地空气污染就严峻,    Wherever you go, you should work hard.    不管你去哪里,你都应该尽力工作。     地址状语从句一般由衔接副词where, wherever等引导,现已形成了固定的句型,    例如:    Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible.    在没有雨水的当地,耕耘是困难的或底子不可能的。

  They were good persons. Where they went, there they were warmly welcomed.    他们都是好人。因而他们走到哪里都受到热烈欢迎。

  You should have put the book where you found it.    你应该把书放回本来的当地。

  Where the Communist Party of China goes, there the people are liberated.    哪里有了中国共产党,哪里的公民就得解放。

  Wherever the sea is , you will find seamen.    有海就有船员。    

  2、原因状语从句    常用引导词:because, since, as,    特别引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that.    My friends dislike me because I’m handsome and successful.  我的朋友都不喜欢我,由于我又帅气又成功。

  Now that everybody has come, let’s begin our conference.  已然每个人都到了,让我们开端我们的会议吧。

  The higher income tax is harmful in that it may discourage people from trying to earn more.  更高的收入税是有害的,由于它或许会阻止人们尽力挣钱。    

  3、意图状语从句    常用引导词:so that, in order that    特别引导词:lest, in case, for fear that,in the hope that, for the purpose that, to the end that    The boss asked the secretary to hurry up with the letters so that he could sign them.  老板要求秘书快写信件以便他能在上面签字。

  The teacher raised his voice on purpose that the students in the back could hear more clearly.  为了让后边的学生听得更清楚,教师有意地提高了他的声音。


  4、成果状语从句    常用引导词:so … that, such … that,    特别引导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to such a degree that,    He got up so early that he caught the first bus.  他很早起床以便赶上榜首班公共汽车    It’s such a good chance that we must not miss it.  这是一个好机会,千万不能错失它    To such a degree was he excited that he couldn’t sleep last night.  他激动到这个程度,以至于他昨晚睡不着



   定冠词the与指示代词this,that同源,有”那(这)个”的意思,但含义较弱,能够和一个名词连用,来表明某个或某些特定的人或东西     1)特指两边都理解的人或物,例如:      Take the medicine. 把药吃了。       2)上文提到过的人或事。例如:      He bought a house. I”ve been to the house. 他买了幢房子。我去过那幢房子。     

  3、)指世上独一物二的事物,如the sun, the sky, the moon, the earth等。       4)与单数名词连用表明一类事物,如the dollar 美元; the fox 狐狸;或与形容词或分词连用,表明一类人:the rich 有钱人; the living 生者。       5)用在序数词和形容词第一流,及形容词only,very,same等前面。例如:      Where do you live? I live on the second floor.  你住在哪?我住在二层。      That”s the very thing I”ve been looking for.  那正是我要找的东西。       6)与复数名词连用,指整个集体。例如:      They are the teachers of this school.(指整体教师)      They are teachers of this school.  (指部分教师)       7)表明所有,相当于物主代词,用在表明身体部位的名词前。例如:      She caught me by the arm.. 她抓住了我的手臂。      8)用在某些由一般名词构成的国家称号、机关团体、阶层、等专有名词前。

  例如:      the People”s Republic of China  中华人民共和国      the United States  美国       9)用在表明乐器的名词之前。例如:        She plays the piano. 她会弹钢琴。       10) 用在姓氏的复数名词之前,表明一家人。例如:      the Greens  格林一家人 (或格林配偶)       11) 用在惯用语中。例如:      in the day, in the morning (afternoon,evening)    the day before yesterday, the next morning.    in the sky (water,field,country)in the dark.    in the rain, in the distance, in the middle (of).    in the end, on the whole, by the way, go to the theatre.



  动词的时态     英语的常用时态有十六种,一般依据上下文和时刻状语来确定时态,     1.I will tell her about that when she will come tomorrow.     主句为将来时,其时刻、条件、方法和退让状语从句顶用一般现在时。因而将will come改为comes。     2.The meeting is about to begin in ten minutes.     be about to 一般不与详细的时刻状语连用。因而把 in ten minutes 去掉。    

  3、The boy opened his eyes for a moment, looking at the captain and then died.     此处look并非随同状语,而是三个并排的谓语动词,因而把looking 改为looked。     4.I have bought this bike for ten years and I am still using it now.     当句中有for加一段时刻作状语时,谓语动词有必要为延续性动词,此处把bought改为kept。     5.I haven’t learnt any English before I came here.   我来这儿已经是曩昔的动作,在此之前发生的事应该用曩昔完成时。因而应把haven’t改为hadn’t     动词的语态     及物动词用在自动语态时要有宾语,因而能够变为被动语态;不及物动词用于自动语态时不能接宾语,因而无被动语态。     6.The two thieves have been disappeared.     disappear 为不及物动词,因而不能用于被动语态。所以把 been去掉。     7.The building built now will be our teaching building.     表“现在正在建的”使用被动语态的正在进行时,因而在built 前加being。     8.He is being operated by the famous doctor.     自动语态变为被动语态时,应留意短语动词的完整性,别忘了介词或副词。“给…做手术”应为operate on sb,所以在operated 后加上on。     9.I wonder if the doctor has been sent.     原因同上,应在sent 后加上for。     10.The book written by him is sold well.     说一本书热销是指书自身的特点,因而不必被动语态。本句应改为:The book written by him sells well.     11.This history book is worthy reading.     “值得被做”能够有如下几种说法:be worth doing; be worthy of being done; be worthy to be done. 因而本句应该为:This history book is worthy to be read. 





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