分享:专升本英语容易混淆的动词

导读:分享:专升本英语容易混淆的动词1. rise,raise,arise,arouse“rise” 是不及物动词,过去式为rose,过去分词为risen,其基本词义“上升,上涨” The sun rises in the east.A good idea rose in my mind. “raise” 是及物

  1. rise,raise,arise,arouse    “rise” 是不及物动词,过去式为rose,过去分词为risen,其基本词义“上升,上涨”,    The sun rises in the east.    A good idea rose in my mind. “raise” 是及物规矩动词,“举起,进步”。

  He raised his voice to make himself heard.    The boy can raise the heavy stone.    “arise”,是不及物动词,过去式为arose,过去分词arisen,其语义为“呈现,发生” 。

  His curiosity arose due to the question his mother asked.    “arouse”是及物动词,过去式和过去分词为aroused,其语义为“唤醒,引起”    arouse somebody from sleep 把或人唤醒    arouse suspicion 引起置疑    2. lay,lie,lie    “lay”及物动词,“放置,生蛋”,过去式与过去分词为 “laid”    I”ve laid the book on the self.    The hen lays an egg every day.    “lie”不及物动词“坐落,平躺”,过去式为“lay”过去分词 “lain”    He lay on the floor and slept soundly.    Beijing lies in the north of China.    “lie”及物动词“扯谎”,它是规矩动词。

  He lied to his teacher.   

  3、 sit,seat    “sit”不及物动词,过去式与过去分词均为 “sat”。

  He sat in the classroom reading newspaper.    “seat”及物动词,“使就坐”“包容”。

  He seats himself here.    He is seated there.    He seats the baby on his knees.    The hall will seat 5000 people.    4. affect,effect    “affect” 及物动词,“对……有影响,感动,触及”    The relations between then will be affected.    “effect” 及物动词, “导致,形成,带来(改变),发生”    The changes in methods effected some improvement in his study.    5. hang (hanged, hanged) / (hung, hung)    当 hang过去式与过去分词为 “hanged”,其意义是“绞死”;而当hang的过去式与过去分词为“hung”时,其意义是“悬挂”。

  The man was hanged for murder.    He hung his coat on the hook.    6. borrow,lend    “borrow”借入 “borrow sth. from …”    “lend”(lent, lent) 借出 “lend sb. sth” 或 “lend sth. to sb.”    7. take,bring,fetch    “take”(took, taken) 及物动词“拿走”    “bring”(brought, brought) 及物动词“带来”    “fetch” 及物动词“去取回来”

分享:专升本英语容易混淆的动词

分享:专升本英语数词

  表明数目多少或次序多少的词叫数词,数词分为基数词和序数词,表明数目多少的数词叫基数词;表明次序的数词叫序数词。

  一、基数词    1)基数词写法和读法:

  3、45three hundred and forty-five;    2)基数词一般是奇数方式,但下列状况,常用复数:    a. 与of 短语连用,表明概数,不能与具体数目连 用,如scores of people 指许多人;    b. 在一些表明”一排”或”一组”的词组里;    如:They arrived in twos and threes. 他们三三两两的到达了。

  c. 表明”几十岁”;    d. 表明”时代”,用 in +the +数词复数;    e. 在乘法运算的一种表明法里,如:

  3、 x 5 = 15 Three fives is (are) fifteen.   

  二、序数词    序数词的缩写方式: first—1stsecond—2ndthirty-first—

  3、1st   

  三、 数词的用法    1)倍数表明法    a. 主语+谓语+倍数(或分数)+ as + adj. + as    I have three times as many as you. 我有你三倍那么多。

  b. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ the size (amount,length…) of…    The earth is 49 times the size of the moon. 地球是月球的49倍。

  c. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ 形容词(副词)比较级+ than…    The grain output is 8 percent higher this year than that of last year.    本年比上一年粮食产量添加8%。

  d. 还可以用by+倍数,表明添加多少倍    The production of grain has been increased by four times this year.    本年粮食产量添加了4倍。

  2)分数表明法  构成:基数词代表分子,序数词代表分母。分子大于1时,分子的序数词用奇数,分母序数词用复数:    1/

  3、 one-third ;

  3、/

  3、7 three and three-sevenths.

分享:专升本英语数词

分享:专升本英语完形常用的逻辑关系词语

  常用的逻辑关系词语包含:    并排词:and, as well as, both…and, not only…but(also), neither…nor    转机词:but, however, whereas, while, yet, still, instead, nevertheless, not with standing, on the other hand, not…but, rather than    挑选词:or, nor, or else, otherwise, either…or    递进词:besides, also, even, moreover, likewise, furthermore, what’s more, in addition    解说词:that is (to say), in other words    时间词:when, whenever, as, since, till, until, before, after, once, every time, no sooner…than, hardly…when, then, meanwhile, subsequently, afterward, later, the moment    比较词:(not) as…as, not so…as, such…as, the same as, than, in contrast, on the contrary    条件词:if, unless, providing(/provided) that, as(/so) long as, on condition that, suppose(/suppopposing) that, in case, only if, if only    因果词:because, since, as , now that, seeing that, considering that, in that, for, thus, so, therefore, hence, consequently, accordingly, as a result, so that, in case, for fear that, lest, in order that, so that, so…that, such…that    退让词:though, although, even if(/even though), as, while, whatever, wherever, whoever, however, no matter…, whether…or    为了使考生更易于了解文章内容,命题者在规划完型填空试题时,总是保存一个完好的、或是大半个完好的表达宗旨的语句,而这样的语句往往位于文章的最初,因此,考生应充分使用文章最初去了解文章的宗旨。别的,阶段的首句也往往是该段的主题句,所以,考生也要学会使用段首句供给的信息,掌握文章的结构和行文思路。

分享:专升本英语完形常用的逻辑关系词语

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参考资料来源1:教育考试网

参考资料来源2:http://www.daypop.cn/20211003/96082508.html

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